National Flowers of the World (With Pictures)

Most countries have a number of symbols to represent the country. Symbols include flowers, animals and national anthems. We take a look at the national flowers of the world.

Related: National Trees of the World, National Fruits of the World


Country

National flower
AfghanistanRed tulip (Tulipa gesneriana)Red tulip
AlbaniaRed poppy (Papaver rhoeas)Red poppy
AlgeriaWall iris (Iris tectorum)Iris
AndorraPoet’s narcissus (Narcissus poeticus)Poet's narcissus
AngolaWelwitschia (Welwitschia mirabilis)Welwitschia
Antigua and BarbudaDagger’s Log (Agave karatto)Agave karatto
ArgentinaCeibo (Erythrina crista-galli)Ceibo
ArmeniaMarshmallow plant (Althaea officinalis)Marshmallow plant
AustraliaGolden wattle (Acacia pycnantha benth.)Golden wattle
AustriaEdelweiss (Leontopodium nivale)Edelweiss
AzerbaijanKhari-bulbul (Ophrys caucasica)Khari bulbul
BahamasYellow elder (Tecoma stans)Yellow elder
BangladeshWhite water lily (Nymphaea nouchali)Nymphaea nouchali
BarbadosPride of Barbados (Caesalpinia pulcherrima)Caesalpinia pulcherrima
BelarusCommon flax (Linum usitatissimum)Common flax
BelgiumRed poppy (Papaver rhoeas)Red poppy
BelizeBlack orchid (Encyclia cochleatum)Black orchid
BhutanBlue poppy (Meconopsis grandis)Blue poppy
BoliviaFlor del Inca (Cantua buxifolia)Flor del inca
Bosnia and HerzegovinaGolden lily (Lilium bosniacum)Lilium bosniacum
BotswanaDevil’s Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)Harpagophytum procumbens
BrazilCattleya orchid (Cattleya labiata)Cattleya labiata
BruneiSimpor (Dillenia suffruticosa)Dillenia suffruticosa
BulgariaRose (Rosa)Red rose
Burkina FasoRed rose (Rosa)Red rose
BurundiBujumbura flower (Rotheca myricoides)Rotheca myricoides
Cabo VerdeGerbera (Gerbera)Gerbera
CambodiaRomduol (Sphaerocoryne affinis)Sphaerocoryne affinis
CameroonRed stinkwood (Pterocarpus santalinus)Pterocarpus santalinus
CanadaBunchberry (Cornus canadensis)Cornus canadensis
Central African RepublicKing protea (Protea cynaroides)King protea
ChadGerbera (Gerbera)Gerbera
ChileChilean bellflower (Lapageria rosea)Lapageria rosea
Côte d’IvoireBaobab flower (Adansonia digitata)Adansonia digitata
ChinaPlum blossom (Prunus mume)Plum blossom
ColombiaChristmas orchid (Cattleya trianae)Cattleya trianae
ComorosYlang ylang (Cananga odorata)Cananga odorata
Costa RicaPurple girl (Guaria morada)Guaria morada
Croatia (unofficial)Iris (Iris croatica)Iris croatica
CubaWhite mariposa (Hedychium coronarium)Hedychium coronarium
CyprusCyprus cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium)Cyclamen cyprium
CzechiaRose (Rosa)Red rose
DenmarkMarguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens) and red clover (Trifolium pratense)Argyranthemum frutescens
DominicaBwa kwaib (Sabinea carinalis)No image available
EcuadorArabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac)Arabian jasmine
EgyptLotus (Nymphaea lotus)Nymphaea lotus
El SalvadorIzote (Yucca guatemalensisa)Yucca blossom
EnglandTudor rose (Rosa)Red rose
Equatorial GuineaVernonia djalonensis (Vernonia djalonensis)No image available
EritreaGerbera (Gerbera)Gerbera
EstoniaCornflower (Centaurea cyanus)Centaurea cyanus
EthiopiaCalla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica)Zantedeschia aethiopica
FijiTagimoucia (Medinilla waterhousei)No image available
FinlandLily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)Convallaria majalis
FranceIris (Iris)Iris
GabonFlame tree (Delonix regia)Delonix regia
The GambiaMoon orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis)Phalaenopsis amabilis
GeorgiaCherokee rose (Rosa laevigata)Rosa laevigata
GermanyCornflower (Centaurea cyanus)Centaurea cyanus
GhanaImpala lily (Adenium multiflorum)Adenium multiflorum
GreeceBear’s breech (Acanthus mollis)Acanthus mollis
GrenadaBougainvillea (Nyctaginaceae)Bougainvillea
GuyanaWater lily (Victoria amazonica)Victoria amazonica
HaitiHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
HondurasDigby’s beaked laelia (Rhyncholaelia digbyana)Rhyncholaelia digbyana
HungaryTulip (Tulipa)Red tulip
IcelandHoltasóley (Dryas octopetala)Dryas octopetala
IndiaLotus (Nelumbo nucifera)Nelumbo nucifera
IndonesiaMoon orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis)Phalaenopsis amabilis
IraqRed rose (Rosa spp.)Red rose
IrelandShamrock (Trifolium pratense or Trifolium pratense flore albo)Trifolium pratense
IsraelAnemone (Anemone)Anemone
ItalyLily (Lilium)White lily
JamaicaLignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale)Guaiacum officinale
JapanCherry blossom (Prunus avium)Prunus avium
JordanBlack iris (Iris chrysographes)Iris chrysographes
KazakhstanLily (Lilium)White lily
KuwaitArfaj (Rhanterium epapposum)Arfaj
KyrgyzstanTulip (Tulipa)Red tulip
LaosFrangipani (Plumeria)Frangipani
LatviaDaisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)Leucanthemum vulgare
LebanonLebanon cyclamen (Cyclamen libanoticum)Lebanon cyclamen
LesothoSpiral aloe (Aloe polyphylla)Aloe polyphylla
LiberiaPepper flower (Piper nigrum)No image available
LibyaPomegranate (Punica granatum)Pomegranate
LiechtensteinNeroli viviparum lily (Crinum viviparum)No image available
LithuaniaRue (Ruta graveolens)Ruta graveolens
LuxembourgRose (Rosa)Red rose
MadagascarRoyal poinciana (Delonix regia)Delonix regia
MalawiLotus (Nelumbo nucifera)Nelumbo nucifera
MalaysiaHibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
MaldivesPink rose (Rosa polyantha)Rosa polyantha
MaltaMaltese centaury (Cheirolophus crassifolius)Cheirolophus crassifolius
Marshall IslandsFrangipani (Plumeria)Frangipani
MauritaniaMauritanian mallow (Mauritanian malva)Mauritanian malva
MauritiusBoucle d’oreille (Trochetia boutoniana)No image available
MexicoDahlia (Dahlia)Dahlia
MicronesiaFrangipani (Plumeria)Frangipani
MoldovaBasil (Ocimum basilicum)Ocimum basilicum
MonacoCarnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)Dianthus caryophyllus
MongoliaPincushion flower (Scabiosa comosa)Scabiosa comosa
MontenegroMimosa (Mimosa pudica)Mimosa pudica
MoroccoRose (Rosa)Red rose
MozambiqueBell bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)Phaseolus vulgaris
MyanmarPadauk (Pterocarpus macrocarpus)Pterocarpus macrocarpus
Namibia Welwitschia (Welwitschia mirabilis)Welwitschia
Nepal Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)Rhododendron arboreum
NetherlandsTulip (Tulipa)Red tulip
New ZealandKōwhai (Sophora tetraptera)Sophora tetraptera
NicaraguaFrangipani (Plumeria)Frangipani
NigeriaYellow trumpet (Costus spectabilis)Costus spectabilis
Northern IrelandFlax flower (Linum usitatissimum), clover leaf (Trifolium)Common flax
North KoreaOyama magnolia (Magnolia sieboldii)Magnolia sieboldii
North MacedoniaCommon opium poppy (Papaver somniferum)Papaver somniferum
NorwayBergfrue (Saxifraga cotyledon)No image available
OmanJasmine (Jasminum)Jasmine
PakistanJasmine (Jasminum)Jasmine
PalestineFaqqua iris (Iris haynei)Iris haynei
PanamaHoly ghost orchid (Peristeria elata)Peristeria elata
Papua New GuineaSepik blue orchid (Dendrobium lasianthera)Sepik blue orchid
ParaguayBluecrown passionflower (Passiflora caerulea)Passiflora caerulea
PeruQuechua (Cantua buxifolia)Cantua buxifolia
PhilippinesArabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac)Arabian jasmine
PolandRed poppy (Papaver rhoeas)Red poppy
Portugal (unofficial)Lavender (Lavandula)Lavender
QatarQataf (Limonium congestum)No image available
RomaniaDog rose (Rosa canina)Dog rose
RussiaChamomile (Anthemis nobile)Chamomile
RwandaRed rose (Rosa)Red rose
Saint Kitts and NevisPoinciana (Delonix regia)Delonix regia
Saint LuciaRose (Rosa), Marguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens)Red rose
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSoufriere tree flower (Spachea perforata)No image available
SamoaTeuila torch ginger (Etlingera elatior)Etlingera elatior
San MarinoCyclamen (Cyclamen)Cyclamen
Saudi ArabiaRoyal jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum)Jasminum grandiflorum
SenegalBaobab flower (Adansonia digitata)Adansonia digitata
SerbiaLily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)Convallaria majalis
SeychellesTropicbird orchid (Angraecum eburneum)Angraecum eburneum
Sierra LeoneYellow trumpet (Costus spectabilis)Costus spectabilis
SingaporeSingapore orchid (Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim)Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim
SlovakiaRose (Rosa)Red rose
SloveniaRed carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)Dianthus caryophyllus
Solomon IslandsHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus
SomaliaKing protea (Protea cynaroidesis)King protea
South AfricaKing protea (Protea cynaroidesis)King protea
South KoreaMugunghwa hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacus)Hibiscus syriacus
South SudanHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus
SpainRed carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)Dianthus caryophyllus
Sri LankaNil Manel (Nymphaea nouchali)Nymphaea nouchali
SudanHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus
SurinamePalulu (Heliconia bihai)Heliconia bihai
SwedenTwinflower (Linnaea borealis)Linnaea borealis
SwitzerlandEdelweiss (Leontopodium nivale)Edelweiss
Syria (unofficial)Jasmine (Jasminum officinale)Jasmine
TanzaniaEastern African clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum)Syzygium aromaticum
ThailandGolden shower tree (Cassia fistula)Cassia fistula
Timor-LesteHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus
TogoRose (Rosa)Red rose
TongaRed-blossomed heilala (Garcinia sessilis)No image available
Trinidad and Tobago Chaconia (Warszewiczia coccinea)Warszewiczia coccinea
TunisiaJasmine (Jasminum officinale)Jasmine
TurkeyTulip (Tulipa)Red tulip
TurkmenistanRose (Rosa)Red rose
TuvaluFrangipani (Plumeria)Frangipani
UgandaYellow trumpet (Costus spectabilis)Costus spectabilis
UkraineSunflower (Helianthus)Sunflower
United Arab EmiratesTribulus omanense (Tribulus omanense)No image available
United States of AmericaRose (Rosa)Red rose
UruguayCeibo (Erythrina cristagalli)Ceibo
VanuatuHibiscus (Hibiscus)Hibiscus
VenezuelaMay flower (Cattleya mossiae)Cattleya mossiae
VietnamLotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera)Nelumbo nucifera
Yemen (unofficial)Coffee (Coffea arabica)Coffee
ZambiaBougainvillaea (Bougainvillea nyctaginaceae)Bougainvillea
ZimbabweFlame lily (Gloriosa superba)Flame lily

 

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